Maximum residue levels for teflubenzuron
Published by AGRINFO on ; Revised
EU reduces MRLs for teflubenzuron to 0.01 mg/kg on most products
Commission Regulation (EU) 2023/1783 of 15 September 2023 amending Annexes II and V to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for denatonium benzoate, diuron, etoxazole, methomyl and teflubenzuron in or on certain products
The EU has set the maximum residue levels (MRLs) for teflubenzuron at the limit of determination (LOD) of 0.01 mg/kg. (The LOD is the lowest level that can be detected using the most modern and reliable analytical methods.) Where the detection level of 0.01 mg/kg cannot be met due to technical limitations, the MRL is 0.02 or 0.05 mg/kg. There are exceptions for products for which EFSA considers that existing Codex MRLs or import tolerances are safe – these include citrus fruits, grapes, papayas, tomatoes, cucumbers, gherkins, melons, sunflower seeds, soyabeans, and coffee beans. The reduced MRLs have implications for exporters of apples, pears, quinces, medlars, peppers, aubergines, okra, courgettes, Brussels sprouts, and cabbages.
apples, pears, quinces, medlars, loquats, Japanese medlars, plums, potatoes, sweet peppers, bell peppers, aubergines, eggplants, okra, lady’s fingers, courgettes, Brussels sprouts, head cabbages, tree nuts, oilseeds, oil fruits
What is changing?
The EU has changed the MRLs for teflubenzuron as summarised in Table 1.
In addition, the LOD is reduced from 0.02 to 0.01 mg/kg on tree nuts, oil fruits, and oilseeds except sunflower seeds and soya beans.
Teflubenzuron is no longer permitted for use in the EU. The existing MRLs set for teflubenzuron have therefore been deleted and set to the LOD, except on certain products considered safe. Where the level of 0.01 mg/kg is too low to be detected by currently available analytical methods, the MRL is 0.02 or 0.05 mg/kg.
Import tolerances set for teflubenzuron on grapefruits and mandarins, that are considered safe by EFSA (2018), are maintained.
Codex has set MRLs for teflubenzuron on citrus fruits, grapes, papayas, tomatoes, cucumbers, gherkins, melons, sunflower seeds, soyabeans, and coffee beans. These are considered safe by EFSA (2017) and are therefore maintained.
The new MRLs will apply from 8 April 2024.
Suppliers to the EU market of apples, pears, quinces, medlars, loquats/ Japanese medlars, plums, potatoes, sweet peppers/ bell peppers, aubergines/ eggplants, okra/ lady’s fingers, courgettes, Brussels sprouts, and head cabbages must find alternative solutions to existing use of teflubenzuron on these products by April 2024.
Products exported before 8 April 2024 that comply with the old MRLs will not be removed from the EU market after that date, even if they are not compliant with the new MRLs.
EFSA (2017) Scientific support for preparing an EU position in the 49th Session of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR). EFSA Journal, 15(7): 4929.
EFSA (2018) Setting of import tolerances for teflubenzuron in grapefruits, mandarins and broccoli. EFSA Journal, 16(11): 5474.
Commission Regulation (EU) 2023/1783
Tables & Figures
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